Reading List

Below is a reading list or bibliography of texts on or about Erromango, Erromangan languages, people or culture.

Have a text you would like to add? Email your request to info@erromango.org.


Anon. n.d. Australian Museum: Vanuatu Erromango baskets and mats collection. Sydney: Australian Museum.

Anon. n.d. TER03 Dillons Bay airport upgrading, Erromango. Port Vila.

Anon. 1867. Netaiyi ra novum im netaiyi tagkeli im ovun narufo im ovun narufo: catechism and hymnal Erromanga. Sydney: W.C. Penfold.

Anon. 1881. Netiyi ra Nobum im netiyi tagkeli. Eromaga, 1867. Sydney: F. Cunningham and Co. (printers).

Anon. 1884. Matiyu: ku nam navosavos ugi Iesu Kristo, Eromaga. Toronto: The British and Foreign Bible Society.

Anon. 1890. Matiyu: ku nam navosavos ugi Iesu Kristo. Erromaga. Oveteme Beretania ra sï semsimak worumpi ov netiyi tumpora nisekonda lo su lo dumumpi imo nisekon. Sydney: F. Cunningham and Co.

Anon. 1909. Nam numpusok itevau eni Iesu Kristo novsuromon enugkos/The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Sydney: The British and Foreign Bible Society.

Anon. 1953. Netaiyi ra Novum im netaiyi tagkeli, im ovon narufo: catechism and hymnal, Erromanga, New Hebrides, 1867.

Anon. 1972. Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East Committee for Co-ordination of Joint Prospecting for Mineral Resources in South Pacific offshore areas (CCCP/SOPAC): first session, November 1972. Suva, Fiji: United Nations Economic and Social Council.

Anon. 2005. Ol samting blong solwota long ples blong yumi (Erromanga). Port Vila: Vanuatu Kaljoral Senta.

Anon. 2005. Lanwis blong Erromanga. Port Vila. Vanuatu Kaljoral Senta.

Anon. 2005. Ol pijin blong ples blong yumi (Eromanga). Port Vila. Vanuatu Kaljoral Senta.

Anpo, Yukiko. 2001. Stori buk. Lenakel: Tafea Provincial Government.

Aru, Mathias. 1995. Memorandum: progress and developments in Erromango. Port Vila: Department of Forestry, Government of Vanuatu.

Aubert de la Rüe, E. 1956. ‘La géologie des Nouvelles Hébrides’. Journal de la Société des Océanistes.

Balto, Carl. (n.d.). Erromangan baskets and mats. Sydney: Australian Museum.

Batick, Regina. 1998. Rank. Port Vila: Vanuatu Kaljoral Senta.

Bedford, Richard. 1973. ‘A transition in circular mobility: population movement in the New Hebrides, 1800-1970’. In Brookfield, H. (ed). The Pacific in Transition: Geographical Perspectives on Adaptation and Change. Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Bedford, Stuart; Spriggs, Matthew. 1995. Report to the Vanuatu Government on archaeological research on the islands of Aneityum, Erromango and Malakula, July to November 1995. Port Vila.

Bedford, Stuart. 1996. Report to the Vanuatu Government on archaeological research on the islands of Erromango and Malakula, June to October, 1996. Port Vila.

Bedford, Stuart. 1996. Ripot i go long ol man Erromango long saed blong stadi blong Stuart Bedford long arkeoloji blong Erromango, Jun kasem Julae 1996. Port Vila: VKS.

Bedford, Stuart; Spriggs, Matthew; Regenvanu, Ralph. 1999. ‘The Australian University-Vanuatu Cultural Centre Archaeology Project, 1994-97: Aims and Results’. In MacLean, Neil (ed). Oceania. Vol. 70, No. 1 Sydney: University of Sydney.

Bedford, Stuart. 2003. ‘The timing and nature of Lapita colonisation in Vanuatu: the haze begins to clear’. In Sand, C. (ed.), Pacific Archaeology: assessments and prospects, pp. 147-158. Noumea: Les Cahiers de l’archeologie en Nouvelle-Calédonie 15.

Bedford, Stuart. 2006. Pieces of the Vanuatu Puzzle: Archaeology of the North, South and Centre. Terra Australis 23, Canberra: Pandanus Press, RSPAS, Australian National University.

Bennett, George. 1832. ‘Account of the islands Erromanga and Tanna, New Hebrides Group’. In The Asiatic Journal Vol. VII Jan. –Apr. 1832. London: Parbury, Allen and Co.

Bennett, George. 1890. An account of Elau : a Malayan Papuan child, native of the island of Erromanga, one of the New Hebrides group, Southern Pacific Ocean. Sydney: F. Cunninghame and Co.

Benoit, Pierre. 1957. Erromango. Paris: Albin Michel.

Bolton, Lissant (ed). 1999. Fieldwork, fieldworkers: developments in Vanuatu research. Sydney: University of Sydney.

Bolton, Lissant. 2003. ‘Gender, Status and Introduced Clothing in Vanuatu’. In Colchester, Chloe (ed). Clothing the Pacific. Oxford: Berg.

Bonnemaison, Joel ; Kaufmann, Christian; Huffman, Kirk; Tryon, Darrell (eds). 1996. Arts of Vanuatu. Bathurst, NSW: Crawford House.

Bonneville, Louis. 1980. Vanuatu—discover our islands. Port Vila. Vanuatu Institute of Technology.

Bregulla, Heinrich L. 1992. Birds of Vanuatu. Oswestry, UK: Anthony Nelson.

Brenchley, Julius L. 1873. Jottings during the cruise of H.M.S. Curaçao among the South Sea islands in 1865. London: Longmans, Green, and Co.

Burrell, M.G.; David, M.N. (ed). 1999. Tafea economic summit report : Tafea REDI five year master plan, 2000-2004. Port Vila. Department of Provincial Affairs.

Cabalion, Pierre. 1983. Ethnobotanique et remèdes traditionnels de la grossesse au sèvrage, dans l’île d’ Erromango. Port Vila: ORSTOM.

Cabalion, Pierre. 1984. Médecines traditionelles et soins de santé primaire: association ou développement séparé. Port Vila: ORSTOM.

Cameron, Roderick. 1964. The Golden Haze; with Captain Cook in the South Pacific. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson.

Campbell, J. 1843. The martyr of Erromanga, or the philosophy of missions, illustrated from the labours, death and character of the late Rev. John Williams. London: John Snow.

Capell, A. 1938. ‘The stratification of afterworld beliefs in the New Hebrides’. In Folklore Vol. 49, No. 1 (Mar. 1938). London: Taylor and Francis, Ltd.

Capell, A. 1960. ‘The Maui myths in the New Hebrides’. In Folklore Vol. 71, No. 1 (Mar. 1960). London: Taylor and Francis, Ltd.

Capell, A. 1972. ‘Some phonological phenomena in Eromangan’. In Jacqueline M.C. Thomas and Lucien Bernot (eds.), Langues et techniques, nature et société, vol. 1: Approche linguistique. Paris: Klincksieck.

Capell, A. and John Lynch 1983. ‘Sie vocabulary’. In John Lynch (ed.), Studies in the languages of Erromango. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics Publishers.

Carroll, Tiffany; Euston, John; Bedford, Sue (eds). July-September 2005. Island Spirit. Port Vila: Pacificads.

Carroll, Tiffany; Euston, John and Delbridge, Margaret (ed). July-September 2007. Island Spirit. Port Vila: Pacificads.

Cheesman, Evelyn. 1949. Camping adventures on cannibal islands. London: George G. Harrap and Company Ltd.

Cheesman, Evelyn. 1965. Who stands alone. London: Geoffrey Bles Ltd.

Clune, Frank. n.d. Bound for Tanna. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Clune, Frank. 1970. Captain Bully Hayes, blackbirder and bigamist. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Coiffier, Christian. 1988. Traditional architecture in Vanuatu. Suva: University of the South Pacific.

Colley, H.; Ash, R.P. 1971. The geology of Erromango. Port Vila: British Service, New Hebrides.

Cook, Jacques. 1778. Voyage dans l’ hémisphère austral, et autour du monde, fait sur les vaisseaux de Roi, l’Aventure, and la Résolution, en 1772, 1773, 1774 and 1775. Paris: Hôtel de Thou.

Cook, James. 1961, 1969. The journals of Captain James Cook on his voyages of discovery: the voyage of the Resolution and Adventure 1772-1775, Volume II. Beaglehole, C. J. (ed). Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press, Horden House.

Crowley, Terry. 1996. A grammar of the Erromangan (Sye) language of Vanuatu. Port Vila: VKS.

Crowley, Terry. 1996. Old church Erromangan : a successful (but accidental) case of corpus planning. Hamilton: Department of General and Applied Linguistics, University of Waikato.

Crowley, Terry. 1996. Report on Erromango research project. Port Vila: VKS.

Crowley, Terry. 1996. Transcription of tape of Ura language. Port Vila: VKS.

Crowley, T. (ed). 1997. Navyan ovoteme nelocompe ire/The voice of Erromangans today. Hamilton: Department of General and Applied Linguistics, University of Waikato.

Crowley, Terry. 1997. What happened to Erromango’s languages?’ In Huntsman, Judith (ed).
The Journal of the Polynesian Society Vol. 106 No. 4 Mar 1997. Auckland: Polynesian Society.

Crowley, Terry. 1998. An Erromangan (sye) grammar. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Crowley, Terry. 1998. ‘The voiceless fricatives (s) and (h) in Erromangan: one phoneme, two, or one and a bit?’ Australian Journal of Linguistics Vol. 18, Issue 2, 1998. Australian Linguistic Society.

Crowley, Terry. 1998. ‘What happened to Erromangan possessive morphology?’ In Bradshaw, Joel and Rehg, Ken (eds.), Festschrift for Byron Bender. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics Publishers.

Crowley, Terry. 1998. ‘Ura’. Languages of the World/Materials 240. München: Lincom Europa.

Crowley, Terry. 1999. Ura : a disappearing language of southern Vanuatu. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics Publishers.

Crowley, Terry. 2000. Literacy and translation in a Vanuatu language. München: Lincom Europa.

Crowley, Terry. 2000. ‘How did Erromangan verbs get so messy? Historical and descriptive studies’. In Vol. II, proceedings of the second international conference on Oceanic linguistics. Palmer, Bill; Geraghty, Paul (eds). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics Publishers.

Crowley, Terry. 2000. Simplicity, complexity, emblematicity and grammatical change. Montreal: Champs Linguistiques.

Davidson, J.W. 1956. ‘Peter Dillon and the discovery of sandalwood in the New Hebrides’. Journal de la Société des Océanistes. XII, p99-107. Paris: Société des Océanistes.

Davidson, J.W. 1975. Peter Dillon of Vanikoro: Chevalier of the South Seas. Spate, O.H.K. (ed). Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Department of Provincial Affairs. 2005. Tafea REDI, Second Five Year Master Plan (2006-2010). Port Vila: Department of Provincial Affairs.

Dijk, Nicola Van. 1998. The Melanesians: an osteological study of their biological relationships within the Pacific. [Ph.D. Thesis]. Canberra: Australian National University.

Erskine, John Elphinstone. 1853. Journal of a cruise among the islands of the Western Pacific, including the Feejees and others inhabited by the Polynesian negro races, in Her Majesty’s ship Havannah. London: Dawsons of Pall Mall (reprint).

Farrell, Andrew (transcribed by). 1928. John Cameron’s Odyssey. New York: The Macmillan Company.

Findlay, Alexander George. 1884. A directory for the navigation of the South Pacific ocean: with descriptions of its coasts, islands, etc., from the strait of Magalhaens to Panama, and those of New Zealand, Australia, etc. its winds, currents and passages. London: Richard Holmes Laurie.

Findlay, Maria (ed). 2001. Island Spirit. Port Vila: Pacificads.

Gill, Rev. William. 1856. Gems from the Coral Islands, or, Incidents of contrast between savage and Christian life of the South Sea Islanders. London: Ward and Co.

Gordon, James. 1866. Notes on the geography and sociology of Erromanga Island in the New Hebrides.

Gunn, William. 1914. The gospel in Futuna, with chapters on the islands of the New Hebrides, the people, their customs, religious beliefs, etc. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Hagen, A. 1893. ‘Voyage aux Nouvelles-Hébrides et aux îles Salomon’. In Charton, Édouard (ed). Le Tour du Monde. Paris: Librairie Hachette et Cie.

Hagen, A; Pineau, A. 1888. ‘Les Nouvelles Hébrides: études ethnographiques’. Revue d’Ethnographie. Paris: Musée d’ Ethnographie.

Hayes, H. Ernest. 1922. Wiliamu: the last and greatest voyage. London: The Livingstone Press.

Hope, James L.A. 1872. In quest of coolies. London: Henry S. King and Co.

Horrocks, Martin (ed). April 1989. Naika. Port Vila: The Vanuatu Natural Science Society/Société des Sciences Naturelles du Vanuatu/Naturol Saens Sosaiti blong Vanuatu.

Humphreys, C. B. 1926. The southern New Hebrides: an ethnological record. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Inglis, John. 1851. Report of a missionary tour in the New Hebrides, etc., in the year 1850, on board HMS Havannah. Auckland: Williamson and Wilson.

Ishmael, Kelma; Naritantop, Sempet and Warri, Vanessa. 2009. Nehpi. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Ishmael, Kelma; Naritantop, Sempet and Warri, Vanessa. 2009. Nam. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Ishmael, Kelma; Naritantop, Sempet and Warri, Vanessa. 2009. Nagkrai im ulakis. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Ishmael, Kelma; Naritantop, Sempet and Warri, Vanessa. 2009. Nivi im wotu. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Jolly, Margaret. 2001. ‘On the edge? deserts, oceans, islands’. The Contemporary Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Joly, P.R. 1904. ‘Notes sur les Nouvelles-Hébrides’. Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d’Anthropologie. Paris: La Société d’Anthropologie.

Kaltal, Martha Yamsiu (ed). 2004. Kastom kakae: ripot blong woksop blong ol woman filwoka, 11-22 Oktoba 1999. Port Vila: VKS.

Lange, Raeburn. 2005. Vanuatu . Canterbury/Canberra: Macmillan Brown Centre for Pacific Studies/Pandanus Books.

Langridge, A.K. (ed). 1893-1894. The New Hebrides South Sea islands: quarterly jottings of the John G. Paton mission fund for the evangelisation of the remaining cannibals on these islands: Nos 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Southend, UK: John G. Paton Mission Fund.

Langridge, A.K. (ed). 1895-1896. The New Hebrides South Sea islands: quarterly jottings of the “John G. Paton mission fund” for the evangelisation of the remaining cannibals on these islands: nos 7 to 12, 14. Southend, UK: The John G. Paton Mission Fund.

Langridge, A. K. 1922. Won by blood: the story of Erromanga the martyr isle. Strathpine North, Australia: Covenanter Press (reprint).

Lassalas, Christian (English trans. Jane Rossi). 1974. Bi-centenaire de l’exploration des Nouvelles-Hébrides par James Cook/Bi-centenary of the exploration of the New Hebrides by Captain Cook 1774-1974. Port Vila: Centre Culturel de Port-Vila.

Lawson, Barbara. 1994. Collected curios: missionary tales from the South Seas. Montreal: McGill University Libraries.

Lawson, Barbara. July 2001. ‘“Clothed and in their right mind”: womens’ dress on Erromango, Vanuatu.’ In Arbeit, Wendy; Feldman, Jerome (ed). Pacific Arts. Honolulu: Pacific Arts Association.

Leach, B.F. et al. December 1998. Analysis of fish bone from archaeological sites in Vanuatu. Wellington: Museum of New Zealand/Te Papa Tongarewa.

Lemire, Charles. 1884. Voyage à pied en Nouvelle-Calédonie et description des Nouvelles-Hébrides. Paris: Challamel Aine.

Lindstrom, Lamont. 1998. ‘Sophia Elau, Ungka the Gibbon, and the Pearly Nautilus’. Journal of Pacific History. Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jun. 1998) London: Taylor and Francis.

Liua’ana, Featuna’i. 1996. Errand of mercy: Samoan missionaries to southern Vanuatu, 1839-1860. In Munro, Doug and Thornley, Andrew (eds). Suva: Pacific Theological College and The Institute of Pacific Studies at the University of the South Pacific.

Lynch, John. 1978. ‘Olgeta langwis blong saot’. In Brunton, R.; Lynch, J.D.; Tryon, D.T. (ed). Man, Langwis mo Kastom Long Niu Hebrides. Canberra: Australian National University.

Lynch, John. 1978. ‘Proto-south Hebridean and proto-Oceanic’. In Wurm, S.A.; Carrington, Lois. (eds). Pacific Linguistics Series C. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.

Lynch, John. 1981. On the development of the verbal system in Sie, Erromango. Port Moresby: University of Papua New Guinea.

Lynch, John. 1982. The linguistic prehistory of southern Vanuatu. Canberra: Australian National University.

Lynch, John 1982. ‘The Ura language, Erromango’. In Carle, Rainer; Heinschke , Martine; Pink, Peter W.; Rost, Christel and Stadtlander, Karen (eds.), GAVA: Studies in Austronesian languages and cultures dedicated to Hans Kähler. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer.

Lynch, John 1983. ‘Sorung’. In Lynch (op cit.), Studies in the languages of Erromango.

Lynch, John. 1983. Studies in the languages of Erromango. Canberra: Department of Linguistics Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.

Lynch, John 1983. ‘Ura grammar sketch and vocabulary’. In Lynch (op cit.), Studies in the languages of Erromango.

Lynch, John 1983. ‘Utaha’. In Lynch (op cit.), Studies in the languages of Erromango.

Lynch, John. 1996. ‘Liquid palatization in southern Vanuatu’. Oceanic Linguistics Vol. 35, No. 1 (Jun. 1996). Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Lynch, John and Crowley, Terry. 2001. Languages of Vanuatu: a new survey and bibliography. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.

Lynch, John. 2001. The linguistic history of Southern Vanuatu. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Asian Studies, The Australian National University.

Lynch, John. 2004. ‘The Efate-Erromango problem in Vanuatu subgrouping’. Oceanic Linguistics Vol. 43, No. 2 (Dec., 2004). Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Lynch, John and A. Capell 1983. ‘Sie grammar outline’. In Lynch (op cit.), Studies in the languages of Erromango.

Lynch, John; Ross, Malcolm and Crowley, Terry. 2005.
The Oceanic Languages. Richmond, UK: Curzon.

Macdonald, D. 1889. Three New Hebrides languages: Efatese, Eromangan, Santo. Melbourne: Edgerton and Moore (printers).

Macey, Richard. 2006. ‘Tribe’s lost skills found on dusty shelf’. Sydney Morning Herald June 3-4, 2006. Sydney: Fairfax Newspapers.

Malahoff, Alexander; Woolard, G.P. 1969. The New Hebrides Islands gravity network; part I, final report. Honolulu: Hawai’i Institute of Geophysics, University of Hawaii.

Malahoff, Alexander. 1970. Gravity and magnetic studies of the New Hebrides island arc. Port Vila: British Service, New Hebrides.

Mallick, D.I.J. 1969. Annual report of the Geological Survey for the year 1967. Port Vila: Geological Survey, British Residency, New Hebrides.

Mallick, D.I.J. 1970. Annual report of the Geological Survey for 1969. Port Vila: Geological Survey, British Residency, New Hebrides.

Mallick, D.I.J. 1971. Annual report of the Geological Survey for 1970. Port Vila: Geological Survey, British Residency, New Hebrides.

Mallick, D. I. J. 1972. Reconnaisance for bauxite in the New Hebrides: results up to 1972. Port Vila: New Hebrides Condominium Geological Survey.

Markham, Albert Hastings. 1873. The cruise of the ‘Rosario’ amongst the New Hebrides and Santa Cruz islands, exposing the recent atrocities connected with the kidnapping of natives in the South Seas. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low, and Searle.

Marshall, Adrian G. January, 1973. ‘A start to nature conservation in the New Hebrides’. Biological Conservation January, 1973. UK: Applied Science Publishers.

Michelsen, Rev. Oscar. n.d. Cannibals won for Christ: a story of missionary perils and triumphs in Tongoa, New Hebrides. London: Morgan and Scott.

Miller, J. Graham. 1986. Live: a history of church planting in the Republic of Vanuatu to 1880, book one. Sydney: The Committees on Christian Education and Overseas Missions of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Australia.

Miller, J. Graham. 1981. Live: a history of church planting in the New Hebrides, now the Republic of Vanuatu to 1880: book two. Sydney: The Christian Education Committee.

Miller, J. Graham. 1986. Live: a history of church planting in the Republic of Vanuatu, book three. Port Vila: Presbyterian Church of Vanuatu.

Miller, J. Graham. 1986. Live: a history of church planting in the Republic of Vanuatu, book four, 1881-1920. Port Vila: Presbyterian Church of Vanuatu.

Miller, R. S. 1975. Misi Gete John Geddie: pioneer missionary to the New Hebrides. Tasmania: The Presbyterian Church of Tasmania.

Moon, Margaret; Moon, Bruce. 2002. Ni-Vanuatu memories of World War II. Diamond Harbour, NZ: B. and M. Moon.

Murray, A. W. 1874. Wonders in the Western Isles: being a narrative of the commencement and progress of mission work in Western Polynesia. London: Yates and Alexander.

Nalial, Edward and Wyatt, Stephen. 1995. Community and environmental forestry : land owners and logging agreements in Erromango. Port Vila: Department of Forestry.

Naupa, Anna and Lightner, Sara. 2005. Histri blong yumi long Vanuatu : an educational resource : Volumes one, two and three. Port Vila: Vanuatu Cultural Centre.

Naupa, Anna; Ishmael, Kelma and Taki, Jerry. 2010. Novul. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Naupa, Anna; Warri Vanessa and Ishmael, Kelma. 2010. John Williams im Erromango. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Naupa, Anna; Warri, Vanessa and Ishmael, Kelma. 2010. Nam momu. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Neil-Jones, Marc; Manassah, Kierry, and Taffo, Samuel (eds). September 1, 2005. Vanuatu Daily Post. Port Vila: Trading Post Ltd.

Neil-Jones, Marc; Manassah, Kierry, and Taffo, Samuel (eds). November 19, 2005. Vanuatu Daily Post. Port Vila: Trading Post Ltd.

Neyret, Jean. 1976. Pirogues Océaniennes Tome I: Première Partie —Mélanésie. Paris: Association des Amis des Musées de la Marine.

Nihill, William. 1850. Journal of a voyage to the New Hebrides, New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands in the Bishop of New Zealand’s schooner “Undine” in 1850. Auckland: W. C. Wilson.

Noury, Arnaud. n.d. La poterie Lapita du Vanuatu: étude des décors. Paris: Université Paris I.

Parsonson, G. S. 1985. The Gospel in the Southern New Hebrides, 1839-1958. Dunedin, NZ: Presbyterian Historical Society.

Pickering, Richard (ed). March 1985. Naîka. Port Vila: The Vanuatu Natural Science Society/Société des Sciences Naturelles du Vanuatu/Naturol Saens Sosaiti blong Vanuatu.

PPK Environment and Infrastructure Pty Ltd. n.d. Outer islands infrastructure project—environmental and social assessment (draft report). Melbourne: Asian Development Bank.

Quantin, P. 1982. Vanuatu : carte des potentialités agronomiques et des aptitudes culturales. Paris: ORSTOM.

Radford, N. W. 1975. Sulphide mineralisation in the upper reaches of the Potnumas river, north Erromango. Port Vila: New Hebrides Condominium Geological Survey.

Ray, Sidney. 1926. A comparative study of the Melanesian island languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Reid, I. n.d. The impact of missions on the people of the New Hebrides. Port Moresby: publisher not listed.

Roberts, W. Alan (ed). 1980. How the heron found a wife and lost her: a story from Erromango. Port Vila: Ministry of Education.

Robertson, H.A. 1881. Netiyi ra Nobum im netiyi tagkeli. Eromanga, 1867. Sydney: F. Cunningham and Co.

Robertson, H. A. 1902. Erromanga: the martyr isle. Fraser, J. (ed). New York: A.C. Armstrong and Son.

Saint-Seine, Jean le Gonz de. 1897. A travers le monde : les Nouvelles-Hébrides mœurs des indigénes. Paris: Hachette.

Samson, Chris. 1982. ‘Two new subspecies of papilio canopus (lepidoptera: papilionidae) from the Solomons and Vanuatu’. In Pacific Insects Dec. 1982. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

Samson, Chris. April 1986. ‘The hypolimnas octocula complex, with notes on H. inopinata (lepidoptera, nymphalidae)’. Transaction of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan Apr. 1986. Tokyo: The Lepidopterological Society of Japan.

Shineberg, Dorothy. 1967. They came for sandalwood: a study of the sandalwood trade in the South-West Pacific 1830-1865. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Shineberg, Dorothy. 1973. Ils étaient venus chercher du santal: étude sur le trafic du bois de santal en Nouvelle-Calédonie et aux Nouvelles-Hébrides de 1830 à 1865. Nouméa: Société d’Etudes Historiques de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.

Shutler, Mary Elizabeth and Shutler, Richard. n.d.
A preliminary report of archaeological explorations in the Southern New Hebrides, 1963-1964. Port Vila: Vanuatu Natural Science Society.

Siméoni, Patricia. 2009. Atlas du Vanouatou (Vanuatu). Port Vila: Editions Géo-Consulte.

Sparrman, Anders. 1748-1820. A voyage round the world with Captain James Cook in H.M.S. Resolution, Chapters 18 and 19 (1953 ed.). London: Robert Hale Limited.

Speiser, Felix. 1996. Ethnology of Vanuatu: an early twentieth century study. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Sperlich, Wofgang; Svard-Ylilehto, Tarja and Iautim, Joe. 2004. Schools in Tafea Province: a field survey 3-6 August 2004. Port Vila: Department of Economic and Social Planning, Government of Vanuatu.

Spriggs, Matthew. 1989. Planning for preservation: a general evaluation of the cultural resources of Erromango, Tafea District, Republic of Vanuatu. Canberra: National Heritage Studies.

Spriggs, Matthew. 1994. Report to the Vanuatu Government on archaeological research on Erromango Island, July to September 1994. Canberra: ANU.

Spriggs, Matthew, and Bedford, Stuart. 1995. Ripot i go long ol man Erromango long saed blong stadi blong Matthew Spriggs mo Stuart Bedford long Arkeoloji blong Erromango, Julae kasem Septemba 1995. Port Vila: VKS.

Spriggs, Matthew. 1997. The ANU-Vanuatu Archaeology Project, 1994-6: overview and progress report. Port Vila: VKS.

Spriggs, Matthew. 1999. ‘The stratigraphy of the Ponamla site, northwest Erromango: suggested evidence for 2700 year old stone structures’. In Galipaud, Jean-Christophe; Lilley, Ian (ed). Le Pacifique de 5000 à 2000 avant le présent : suppléments à l’histoire d’une colonisation/The Pacific from 5000 to 2000 BP : colonisation and transformations. Actes du colloque, Vanuatu 31 juillet-6 août 1996. Paris: Editions IRD.

Spriggs, Matthew, and Wickler, Stephen. 1989. ‘Archaeological research on Erromango: recent data on southern Melanesian prehistory’. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 9: 68-91. Canberra: Australian National University.

Steel, Robert. 1880. The New Hebrides and Christian missions, with a sketch of the labour traffic, and notes of a cruise through the Group in the mission vessel. London: James Nisbet.

Tacconi, Luca and Bennett, Jeff. 1994. The socio-economic assessment of the Erromango kauri protected area. Sydney: Department of Economics and Management, University College, University of New South Wales.

Tacconi, Luca and Mele, Livo. 1995. Economic aspects of sandalwood cultivation in relation to the Erromango kauri protected area. Sydney: Department of Economics and Management, University College, The University of New South Wales.

Tacconi, L. and Bennett, J. (eds). 1997. Protected area assessment and establishment in Vanuatu: a socio-economic approach. Canberra: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.

Taki, Jerry and Crowley, Terry. 1999. Netai ra nam ura. Port Vila: VKS.

Taki, Jerry. n.d. Stori blong formation blong aeland blong Erromango. Port Vila: VKS.

Taki, Jerry; Ishmael, Kelma and Warri, Vanessa. 2010. Nocwo Erromango yetratompne. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Taki, Jerry; Naupa, Anna and Ishmael, Kelma. 2010. Erepsi. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Taki, Jerry; Naupa, Anna and Ishmael, Kelma. 2010. Novul somo. Port Vila: Erromango Cultural Association.

Tennent, W. John. 2001. ‘The Vanuatu subspecies of papilio fuscus goeze (lepidoptera: papilionidae)’. Australian Entomologist 28. Indooroopilly: Entomological Society of Queensland.

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